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****NEED A REPLY TO THE FOLLOWING***** The audience targeted by the chosen artic

by | Jun 22, 2022 | Nursing

 

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****NEED A REPLY TO THE FOLLOWING*****
The audience targeted by the chosen article is women and children. The focus is on why we should invest in women’s and children’s health. Healthy women and children are the hub essential for healthy and thriving societies, so investing in their health is indispensable to achieving the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agenda (National Academies of Science, 2017). The purpose of SDGs is to provide a common shared global partnership plan of outline for peace, prosperity, and better living for the world from now until the future. SDGs address the global challenges faced, which include poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace, and justice. The United Nations (UN) (n.d.) developed 17 SDGs: No poverty, zero hunger, good health and well-being, quality education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, decent work and economic growth; industry, innovation, and infrastructure; reduced inequalities, sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumptions and production, climate action, life below water, life on land; peace, justice, and strong institutions; and partnerships.
In the article by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017), SDG 3 is to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at any age, with three targets pertaining directly to women and children’s health: reducing the global maternal mortality ratio, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under the age of 5 in al countries, and to ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health care services and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programs. Investing in women’s and children’s health is of global significance to achieving healthier futures. There are current efforts such as programs in place to promote women and children’s health, which each county tailors to best fit their women and children’s health needs. The 2017 article by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, gives great examples of the global efforts being made. One example is the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), which created the Ending Preventable Maternal and Child Deaths (EPMCD) program, which was to save the lives of 15 million children and 600,00 mothers by 2020 in 24 priority countries (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2017).
According to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017), the committee selected five key areas which suggest lots of investment and considerations in order to maximize the rates of survival for pregnant women and children: immunizations; integrated management of childhood illness; nutrition for pregnant women, newborns, infants, and children; keeping pregnant women safe; and access to contraceptives. Investing in women and children provides short- and long-term benefits for a country’s economy, but globally, we must thrive to meet development potentials and help build futures. In order for countries to thrive, we must understand the links between adverse childhood experiences and diminished adult outcomes, foster positive environments for children and families; provide health care, social services, nurturing care, and parenting support; providing poverty assistance and cash transfers; and early childhood education. The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) recommends that efforts along six dimensions are needed as part of a global violence prevention strategy: support caregivers, help children manage risks, change attitudes and norms that encourage violence, provide support services for children, implement child protection laws, and conduct data collection and research (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2017). One of the biggest interventions that can address some of these dimensions that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017) state are registering births.
Overall, to ensure healthy and productive lives for women and children we must invest in their health care needs and take actions to prevent worsening issues. In low- and middle-income countries, providing more education for children, especially girls, can result in greater accumulation of human capital, increased productivity, and increased income and economic development (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2017). The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017), called on The U.S. Agency for International Development, The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, their implementing partners, and other funders to support and incorporate proven, cost-effective interventions into their existing programs to ensure that all children reach their developmental potential and become healthy, productive adults. Suggesting that the integration should embrace principles of country ownership, domestic financing, and community engagement. In conclusion, these interventions should include providing adequate nutrition for optimal infant and child cognitive development, reducing childhood exposure to domestic and other violence, detecting and managing postpartum depression and other maternal mental health issues, and supporting and promoting early education and cognitive stimulation in young children (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2017).
Reference:
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Board on Global Health; Committee on Global Health and the Future of the United States. (2017). Global Health and the Future Role of the United States: Investing in Women’s and Children’s Health.Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK458467/

 

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