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The Carlisle Indian School and the Taos Society of Artists.
Richard Henry Pratt saw assimilation as the solution to the so-called “Indian problem” and founded the Carlisle Indian School (CIS) in 1879 to “kill the Indian…and save the man.” Pratt utilized “before and after” photographs to demonstrate how indigenous children who arrived at the CIS with long hair and tribal clothing were quickly transformed by the customs and habits associated with white culture, apparent in the photographs on account of their cropped hair and uniforms. Fast forward roughly forty years to the Taos artist colony in New Mexico where the Anglo-American artist Walter Ufer and his east coast colleagues were drawn to the Pueblo community, which they featured in their art. How can you account for this seemingly contradictory reality within white culture, on the one hand, to “kill the Indian” and, on the other, to want to preserve and identify with native American culture? In a 3-4 page double-spaced paper, discuss this phenomenon within the context of two historic moments covered in class: the Carlisle Indian School and the Taos Society of Artists.
Relevant resources—including readings, lectures, and PPTs—should be generously utilized. Be sure to properly cite the readings: page numbers in parenthesis following the author’s last name (ie, Ott, 81) is fine. Please provide full bibliographic citations at the end of the paper. Papers should be well written and carefully edited for spelling in grammar. They will be graded according to the grading rubric posted next to this assignment on Moodle. They are due by midnight on Friday, April 22 (and any time before) as a Word or PDF document posted to this Moodle assignment link. Papers received after the deadline will be penalized for lateness, typically 10 points off per day late.